The olive tree (Olea europaea) is highly valued for its production of olives and extra virgin olive oil, holding great significance in our history and gastronomic tradition.

If you’re interested in cultivating your own olive tree from the stone, this article provides a step-by-step guide to help you succeed.

1. Harvesting and Preparation of the Hazelnut:

Start with a fresh, healthy olive stone obtained from ripe olives. Carefully remove any residual pulp around the stone and wash it thoroughly.

2. Kernel Layering:

Layering is a process that mimics natural germination conditions. Fill a container with well-drained potting soil, such as sand or garden potting soil. Plant the hazelnut about 2-3cm deep into the soil and cover it with a thin layer of soil.

3. Optimal Growing Conditions:

To facilitate germination, the hazelnut needs controlled conditions. Keep the container in a warm, sunny place with temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. Ensure the soil remains moist but not overly wet.

4. Waiting and Monitoring:

Hazelnut germination may take several weeks or even months. During this time, carefully observe the soil to maintain its moisture and monitor the appearance of sprouts.

5. Potted Transplant:

Once the sprout reaches a sufficient size with some leaves, transplant it into a larger pot with nutrient-rich potting soil. Ensure the pot has good drainage.

6. Growth and Care:

The olive tree thrives in a sunny location with at least 6-8 hours of sunlight daily. Adequately water the tree regularly, avoiding waterlogging.

7. Transplant into the Garden:

When the tree reaches a suitable size and the roots have developed, consider transplanting it into the garden. Choose a location with well-drained, nutrient-rich soil.

8. Ongoing Care:

Continue to care for the tree, including pruning to encourage healthy growth and achieve a desired shape. Protect the tree from low temperatures during winter, especially in its early stages of growth.

Growing an olive tree from the stone requires patience and attention, but it can be a rewarding experience. Armed with this information, you’re ready to enjoy the growth process and the beauty of having an olive tree in your garden.